The Birds of Europe

John Gould
(drawn by John Gould & Edward Lear;
lith'd by E. Lear & E. Gould))
London 1832 - 1837
5 Volumes (22 parts) - 448 lithographic plates

Volume 1 Scientific Name Common Name
1 Vultur fulvus,Linn. Griffon Vulture
2 Vultur cinereus,Linn. Cinereous Vulture
3 Neophron percnopterus,Sav. Egyptian Neophron
4 Gypaëus barbatus,Storr. Bearded Vulture or Laemmer-Geyer
5 Aquila Imperialis,Briss. Imperial Eagle
6 Aquila chrysaëa,Briss. Golden Eagle
7 Aquila Bonelli Bonelli's Eagle
8 Aquila nævius,Meyer. Spotted Eagle
9 Aquila pennata,Steph. Booted Eagle
10 Haliæëus albicilla,Savigny. Sea Eagle
11 Haliæëus leucocephalus, Savigny. White-headed Eagle
12 Pandion haliæëctus,Sav. Osprey
13 Circaëus brachydactylus, Vieill. Short-Toed Eagle
14 Buteo vulgaris,Bechst. Common Buzzard
15 Buteo lagopus,Flem. Rough-legged Buzzard
16 Pernis apivorus,Cuv. Honey Buzzard
17 Astur palumbarius,Bechst. Goshawk
18 Accipiter fringillarius,Ray. Sparrow Hawk
19 Falco Islandicus,Lath. Jer-Falcon
20 Falco lanarius,Linn. Lanner Falcon
21 Falco Peregrinus,Linn. Peregrine Falcon
22 Falco subbuteo,Linn. Hobby
23 Falco rufipes,Bechstein. Red-footed Falcon
24 Falco Æsalon,Temm. Merlin
25 Falco concolor,Temm. Lead-coloured Falcon
26 Falco tinnunculus,Linn. Kestrel
27 Falco Tinnunculoïdes,Natter. Lesser Kestrel
28 Milvus vulgaris,Flem. Kite
29 Milvus ater Black Kite
30 Nauclerus furcatus,Vigors. Swallow-tailed Kite
31 Elanus melanopterus,Leach. Black-winged Kite
32 Circus rufus,Briss. Marsh Harrier
33 Circus cyaneus,Meyer. Hen-Harrier
34 Circus pallidus,Sykes. Pallid Harrier
35 Circus cineraceus,Meyer. Ash-coloured Harrier
36 Strix flammea,Linn. Barn Owl
37 Bubo maximus,Sibbald. Great-horned or Eagle Owl
38 Bubo Ascalaphus Eastern Great Horned Owl
39 Otus vulgaris,Flem. Long-eared Owl
40 Otus Brachyotos,Cuv. Short-eared Owl
41 Scops Aldrovandi,Will. and Ray. Scops-eared Owl
42 Surnia cinerea Great Cinereous Owl
43 Surnia Nyctea,Dum. Snowy Owl
44 Surnia Uralensis,Dum. Ural Owl
45 Surnia funerea,Dumeril. Hawk Owl
46 Ulula nebulosa,Cuv. Barred Owl
47 Syrnium Aluco,Savig. Tawny or Wood Owl
48 Noctua nudipes,Nils. Littel Owl
49 Noctua Tegmalmi,Selby. Tengmalm's Owl
50 Noctua passerina,Mihi. Sparrow Owl
Volume 2 Scientific Name Common Name
1 Caprimulgus europæus,Linn. European Nightjar (Goatsucker)
2 Caprimulgus ruficollis,Temm. Red-collared Goatsucker
3 Cypselus murarius,Temm. Swift
3 Cypselus alpinus,Temm. White-bellied Swift
4 Hirundo rustica,Linn. Chimney Swallow
5 Hirundo rufula,Temm. Rufous Swallow
6 Hirundo rupestris,Linn. Rock Martin
7 Hirundo urbica,Linn. Martin
8 Hirundo riparia,Linn. Sand Martin
9 Merops apiaster,Linn. Bee-Eater
10 Coracias garrulus,Linn. Roller
11 Alcedo ispida,Linn. Kingsfisher
12 Alcedo rubis,Linn. Black and White Kingfisher
13 Muscicapa luctuosa,Temm. Pied Flycatcher
13 Muscicapa albicollis,Temm. White-collared Flycatcher
14 Muscicapa parva,Bechst. Red-Breasted Flycatcher
15 Muscicapa grisola,Linn. Spotted Flycatcher
16 Collurio Excubitor,Vigors. Great Shrike
17 Collurio meridionalis,Vig. Great Grey Shrike
18 Collurio minor,Vig. Lesser Grey Shrike
19 Lanius Collurio,Linn. Red-Backed Shrike
20 Lanius rufus,Briss. Woodchat
21 Oriolus galbula,Linn. Golden Oriole
22 Merula vulgaris,Ray. Black Ouzel, or Blackbird
23 Merula torquata,Briss Ring Ouzel
24 Merula migratoria,Swains. Migratory Ouzel
25 Turdus atrogularis,Temm. Black-throated Thrush
26 Turdus pilaris,Linn. Fieldfare
27 Turdus viscivorus,Linn. Missel Thrush
28 Turdus musicus,Linn. Song Thrush
28 Turdus Iliacus,Linn. Redwing
29 Turdus Naumannii,Temm. Naumann's Thrush
30 Turdus pallidus,Pall. Pallid Thrush
31 Turdus Whitei,Eyton. White's Thrush
32 Turdus Sibericus,Pall. Siberian Thrush
33 Cinclus aquaticus,Bechst. Water Ouzel
34 Cinclus melanogaster,Brehm. Black-Bellied Water Ouzel
35 Cinclus Pallasii,Temm. Pallas's Water Ouzel
36 Petrocincla saxatilis, Vigors. Rock Thrush
37 Petrocincla cyanus,Vig. Blue Thrush
38 Saxicola cachinnans,Temm. Black Wheatear
39 Saxicola leucomela,Temm. Pied Wheatear
40 Saxicola Œnanthe Wheatear
41 Saxicola stapazina,Temm. Russet Wheatear
42 Saxicola aurita,Temm. Black-Eared Wheatear
43 Saxicola rubetra,Bechst. Whinchat
44 Saxicola rubicola,Bechst. Stonechat
45 Phœnicura ruticilla,Swains. Redstart
46 Phœnicura tithys,Jard. and Selby. Black Redstart
47 Phœnicura Suecica,Jardine & Selby. Blue-Throated Warber
48 Erythaca rubecula,Swains. Robin
49 Accentor alpinus,Bechst. Alpine Accentor
50 Accentor modularis,Cuv. Hedge Accentor
51 Accentor montanellus,Temm. Mountain Accentor
52 Locustella fluviatilis River Warbler
53 Locustella avicula,Ray Grasshopper Warbler
54 Locustella luscinoïdes Savi's Warbler
55 Locustella certhiola Pallas's Grasshopper-Warbler
56 Salicaria turdoïdes,Selby. Great Sedge Warbler
57 Salicaria Olivetorum, Strickl. Olive-Tree Salicaria
58 Salicaria arundinacea,Selby. Reed Wren
59 Salicaria palustris Marsh Warbler
60 Salicaria Phragmitis,Selby. Sedge Warbler
61 Salicaria melanopogon Moustached Warbler
61 Salicaria aquatica Aquatic Warbler
62 Salicaria galactotes,Mihi. Rufous Sedge Warbler
63 Salicaria cistcola,Mihi. Fantail Warbler
64 Salicaria? Cetti Cetti Warbler
65 Salicaria? sericea Silky Warbler
66 Philomela luscinia,Swains. Nightingale
67 Philomela Turdoides,Blyth. Thrush Nightingale
68 Calliope Lathamii Gorget Warbler
69 Curruca Orphea,Mihi. Orpheus Warbler
70 Curruca atricapilla,Bechst. Black-Cap
71 Curruca hortensis,Bechst. Garden Warbler
72 Curruca Ruppellii Rüppell's Warbler
73 Curruca melanocephala,Lath. Sardinian Warbler
74 Curruca leucopogon,Mihi. Subalpine Warbler
75 Curruca cinerea,Bechst. Common White-Throat
75 Curruca garrula,Bechst. Lesser White-Throat
76 Curruca conspicillata,Mihi. Spectacle Warbler
77 Curruca Sarda Marmora's Warbler
78 Curruca nisoria Barred Warbler
79 Melizophilus provincialis, Leach Dartford Warbler
80 Troglodytes Europæus,Cuv. Wren
81 Sylvia trochilus,Gmel. Willow Wren
81 Sylvia hippolais Chiff-Chaff
81 Sylvia sibilatrix,Bechst. Wood Wren
82 Sylvia icterina,Vieill. Yellow Willow Wren
83 Sylvia Hippolais,Temm. Melodious Willow Wren
84 Sylvia Nattereri,Temm. Natterer's Warbler
85 Anthus Richardi,Vieill. Richard's Pipit
86 Anthus pratensis,Bechst. Meadow Pipit
87 Anthus rufescens,Temm. Tawny Pipit
88 Anthus aquaticus,Bechst Rock or Shore Pipit
89 Anthus arboreus,Bechst Tree Pipit
90 Anthus rufogularis,Brehm Red-Throated Pipit
91 Motacilla alba,Linn. Pied Wagtail
92 Motacilla lugubris,Pall. White-Winged Wagtail
93 Motacilla alba,Linn. White Wagtail
94 Motacilla citreola,Pall. Yellow-Headed Wagtail
95 Motacilla flava,Ray. Yellow Wagtail
96 Motacilla neglecta,Gould. Grey-Headed Wagtail
97 Motacilla Boarula,Lath. Grey Wagtail
98 Regulus ignicapillus,Briss. Fire-Crested Wren
98 Regulus vulgaris,Cuv. Golden-Crested Wren
99 Regulus modestus,Mihi. Dalmatian Regulus
Volume 3 Scientific Name Common Name
1 Parus major,Linn. Great Tit
2 Parus lugubris,Natt. Sombre Tit
2 Parus Sibericus,Gmel. Siberian Tit
3 Parus bicolor,Linn. Toupet Tit
4 Parus cyanus,Pall. Azure Tit
5 Parus cœruleus,Linn. Blue Tit
6 Parus ater,Linn. Cole Tit
6 Parus palustris,Linn. Marsh Tit
7 Parus cristatus,Linn. Crested Tit
8 Parus caudatus,Linn. Long-Tailed Tit
9 Calamophilus biarmicus, Leach. Bearded Tit or Reed Bird
10 Ægitalus pendulinus Boje. Penduline Tit
11 Bombycivora garrula,Temm. Waxen Chatterer
12 Alauda Tartarica,Pall. Black and White Lark
13 Alauda Calandra,Pall. Calandra Lark
14 Alauda brachydactyla,Temm. Short-Toed Lark
15 Alauda alpestris,Linn. Shore Lark
16 Alauda cristata,Linn. Crested Lark
17 Alauda arvensis,Linn. Sky Lark
18 Alauda arborea,Linn. Wood Lark
19 Alauda bifasciata,Licht Bifasciated Lark
20 Plectrophanes Lapponica, Selby. Lark-Heeled Bunting
21 Plectrophanes nivalis,Meyer. Snow Bunting
22 Emberiza miliaria,Linn. Common Bunting
23 Emberiza melanocephala, Scopoli. Black-Headed Bunting
24 Emberiza citrinella,Linn. Yellow Bunting
25 Emberiza aureola,Pall. Yellow-Breasted Bunting
26 Emberiza Cirlus,Linn. Cirl Bunting
27 Emberiza hortulana,Linn. Ortolan Bunting
28 Emberiza rustica,Pall. Rustic Bunting
29 Emberiza Lesbia Lesbian Bunting
30 Emberiza cia,Linn. Meadow Bunting
31 Emberiza pithyornus,Pall. Pine Bunting
32 Emberiza cæsia,Cretzschmar. Cretzschmar's Bunting
33 Emberiza palustris,Savi. Marsh Bunting
34 Emberiza Schœniculus,Linn. Reed Bunting
35 Pyrgita domestica,Cuv. Common Sparrow
35 Pyrgita montana,Cuv. Tree Sparrow
36 Pyrgita Hispaniolensis,Cuv. Spanish Sparrow
36 Pyrgita cisalpina,Cuv. Alpine Sparrow
37 Pyrgita Petronia Doubtful Sparrow
38 Fringilla Cœlebs,Linn. Chaffinch
39 Fringilla montifringilla, Linn. Mountain or Bramble Finch
40 Fringilla nivalis,Linn. Snow Finch
41 Fringilla? hyemalis Winter Finch
42 Linaria cannabina,Swains. Common, or Brown Linnet
43 Linaria montana,Ray. Mountain Linnet, or Twite
44 Linaria canescens,Mihi. Mealy Redpole
45 Linaria minor,Ray. Lesser Redpole
46 Serinus flavescens,Mihi. Serin Finch
47 Carduelis elegans,Steph. Goldfinch
48 Carduelis spinus,Steph. Eurasian Siskin
49 Carduelis Citrinella Citril Finch
50 Coccothraustes vulgaris, Briss. Hawfinch
51 Coccothraustes Chloris,Flem. Green Grosbeak
52 Loxia pityopsittacus,Bechst. Parrot Crossbill
53 Loxia curvirostra,Linn. Common Crossbill
54 Loxia leucoptera,Gmel. White-Winged Crossbill
55 Corythus eneucleator,Cuv. Pine Grosbeak
56 Corythus longicauda Siberian Grosbeak
57 Erythrospiza erythrina, Bonaparte. Scarlet Grosbeak
58 Erythrospiza rosea Rosy Grosbeak
59 Erythrospiza? githaginea Vinous Grosbeak
60 Pyrrhula vulgaris,Temm. Bullfinch
61 Sturnus vulgaris,Linn. Starling
62 Sturnus unicolor,Marm. Sardinian Starling
63 Pastor roseus,Temm. Rose-Coloured Pastor
64 Nucifranga caryocatactes, Briss. Nutcracker
65 Garrulus glandarius,Briss. Jay
66 Garrulus infaustus,Temm. Siberian Jay
67 Pica caudata,Ray. Magpie
68 Pica cyanea,Wagler. Azure-Winged Magpie
69 Pyrrhocorax Phyrrhocorax Alpine Chough
70 Fregilus graculus,Cuvier. Chough
71 Corvus corax,Linn. Raven
72 Corvus Corone,Linn. Carrion Crow
73 Corvus cornix,Linn. Hooded Crow
74 Corvus monedula,Linn. Jackdaw
75 Corvus frugilegus,Linn. Rook
76 Picus Martius,Linn. Great Black Woodpecker
77 Picus viridis,Linn. Green Woodpecker
78 Picus canus,Gmel. Grey-Headed Green Woodpecker
79 Picus leuconotus,Bechst White-Rumped Woodpecker
80 Picus major,Linn. Great Spotted Woodpecker
81 Picus medius Middle Spotted Woodpecker
82 Picus minor,Linn. Lesser Spotted Woodpecker
83 Picus tridactylus,Linn. Three-Toed Woodpecker
84 Yunx Torquilla,Linn. Wryneck
85 Sitta eua,Linn. Common Nuthatch
86 Sitta rufescens,Temm. Dalmatian Nuthatch
87 Sitta Asiatica,Temm. Asiatic Nuthatch
88 Certhia familiaris,Linn. Common Creeper
89 Upupa epops,Linn. Hoopoe
90 Tichodroma phœnicoptera, Temm. Wall Creeper
91 Cuculus canorus,Linn. Common Cuckoo
92 Cuculus glandarius,Linn. Great Spotted Cuckoo
93 Coccyzus Americanus,Bonap. American Cuckoo
Volume 4 Scientific Name Common Name
1 Columba palumbus,Linn. Wood Pigeon
2 Columba œnas,Linn. Stock Dove
3 Columba livia,Linn. Rock Dove
4 Columba Turtur,Linn. Turtle Dove
5 Phasianus Colchicus,Linn. Common Pheasant
6 Tetrao Urogallus,Linn. Capercailzie, or Cock of the Wood.
7 Tetrao hybridus,Sparrm. Hybrid Grouse
8 Tetrao Tetrix,Linn. Black Grouse
9 Bonasia Europæa Hazel Grouse, or Gelinotte
10 Lagopus Scoticus,Lath. Red Grouse
11 Lagopus mutus,Leach. Common Ptarmigan
12 Lagopus rupestris,Leach. Rock Ptarmigan
13 Lagopus Saliceti,Swains. Willow Ptarmigan
14 Lagopus brachydactylus Short-Toed Ptarmigan
15 Pterocles arenarius,Temm. Sand-Grouse
16 Pterocles setarius,Temm. Pintailed Sand-Grouse
17 Francolinus vulgaris euan Francolin
18 Peridex rubra,Ray. Red-Legged Partridge
19 Peridex petrosa,Lath. Barbary Partridge
19 Perdix saxatilis,Meyer. Greek Partridge
20 Perdix cinerea,Lath. Common Partridge
21 Coturnix dactylisonans, Meyer. Quail
22 Hemipodius tachydromus,Temm. Andalusian Turnix
23 Glareola torquata,Briss. Collared Pratincole.
24 Cursorius Isabellinus,Meyer. Cream-Coloured Courser
25 Otis tarda,Linn. Great Bustard
26 Otis Houbara,Linn. Ruffed Bustard
27 Otis tetrax,Linn. Little Bustard
28 Grus cinerea,Bechst. Common Crane
29 Grus leucogeranus,Temm. White Crane
30 Anthropoïdes Virgo,Vieill. Numidian Demoiselle
31 Ardea cinerea,Linn. Common Heron
32 Ardea purpurea,Linn. Purple Heron
33 Ardea comata,Pallas. Squacco Heron
34 Ardea alba,Linn. Great Egret
35 Ardea garzetta,Linn. Little Egret
36 Ardea russata,Wagl. Rufous-Backed Egret
37 Nycticorax Europæus,Steph. Common Night Heron
38 Botaurus stellaris,Steph. Common Bittern
39 Botaurus lentiginosus,Steph. American Bittern
40 Botaurus minutus,Selby. Little Bittern
41 Ciconia alba,Bellon. White Stork
42 Ciconia nigra,Bellon. Black Stork
43 Ciconia Maguari,Temm. Maguari Stork
44 Platalea leucorodia,Linn. Spoonbill
45 Phœnicopterus ruber,Linn. Common Flamingo
46 Œdicnemus crepitans,Temm. Thick-Kneed Bustard
47 Himantopus melanopterus, Meyer. Long-Legged Plover
48 Squatarola cinerea,Cuv. Grey Plover
49 Vanellus cristatus,Meyer. Lapwing
50 Vanellus Keptuschka,Temm. Keptuschka Lapwing
51 Pluvianus spinosus Spur-Winged Plover
52 Charadrius pluvialis,Linn. Golden Plover
53 Charadrius morinellus,Linn. Dottrell
54 Charadrius hiaticula,Linn. Ring Dottrell
55 Charadrius minor,Meyer. Little Ring-Dottrell
56 Charadrius Cantianus,Lath. Kentish Plover
57 Charadrius phyrrhothorax, Temm. Red-Chested Dotterel
58 Hæmatopus ostralegus,Linn. Oyster-Catcher
59 Ibis Falcinellus,Temm. Glossy Ibis
60 Numenius arquata,Lath. Common Curlew
61 Numenius Phæopus,Lath. Whimbrel
62 Numenius tenuirostris,Savi. Slender-Billed Curlew
63 Limosa melanura,Leisl. Black-Tailed Godwit
64 Limosa rufa,Briss. Bar-Tailed Godwit
65 Limosa Terek,Temm. Terek Godwit
66 Recurvirostra avocetta,Linn. Avocet
67 Totanus fuscus,Leisl. Spotted Redshank
68 Totanus calidris,Bechst. Redshank
69 Totanus semipalmatus,Temm. Semipalmated Sandpiper
70 Totanus glottis,Bechst. Greenshank
71 Totanus Bartramia,Temm. Bartram's Sandpiper
72 Totanus stagnatilis,Bechst. Marsh Sandpiper
73 Totanus ochropus,Temm. Green Sandpiper
73 Totanus Glareola,Temm. Wood Sandpiper
74 Totanus Hypoleucos,Temm. Common Sandpiper
75 Totanus macularius,Temm. Spotted Sandpiper
76 Strepsilas collaris,Temm. Turnstone
77 Scolopax rusticola,Linn. Woodcock
78 Scolopax major,Gmel. Great Snipe
79 Scolopax Sabini,Vigors. Sabine's Snipe
79 Scolopax Gallinago,Linn. Common Snipe
80 Scolopax Gallinula,Linn. Jack Snipe
81 Macrorhamphus griseus,Leach. Grey Snipe
82 Calidris canutus,Briss. et Cuv. Knot
83 Machetes pugnax,Cuv. Ruff
84 Tringa rufescens,Vieill. Buff-Breasted Sandpiper
85 Tringa pectoralis,Bonap. Pectoral Sandpiper
86 Tringa subarquata,Temm. Pygmy Curlew
87 Tringa variabilis,Meyer. Dunlin, or Purre
88 Tringa Schinzii,Bonap. Schinz's Sandpiper
89 Tringa platyrhyncha,Temm. Broad-Billed Tringa
90 Tringa minuta,Leisler Little Sandpiper
91 Tringa Temminckii,Leisl. Temminck's Tringa
92 Tringa maritima,Brunn. Purple Sandpier
93 Arenaria Calidris,Meyer. Sanderling
94 Phalaropus hyperboreus,Lath. Red-Necked Phalarope
95 Phalaropus platyrhynchus, Temm. Grey Phalarope
96 Fulica ater,Linn. Coot
97 Rallus aquaticus,Linn. Water Rail
98 Porphyrio hyacinthinus,Temm. Hyacinthine Porphyrio
99 Gallinura crex,Lath. Land Rail
100 Gallinula chloropus,Lath. Common Gallinule
101 Zapornia porzana Spotted Crake
102 Zapornia Baillonii,Leach. Baillon's Crake
103 Zapornia pusilla,Steph. Little Crake
Volume 5 Scientific Name Common Name
1 Anser hyperboreus,Pall. Snow Goose
2 Anser ferus,Steph. Grey Lag Wild Goose
3 Anser segetum,Steph. Bean Goose
4 Anser albifrons,Linn. White-Fronted Goose
5 Anser leucopsis,Bechst Bernicle Goose
6 Anser ruficollis,Pall. Red-Breasted Goose
7 Anser Brenta,Flem. Brent Goose
8 Chenalopex Egyptiaca,Steph. Egyptian Goose
9 Cygnus mansuetus,Gmel. Domestic Swan
10 Cygnus ferus,Ray. Whistling Swan, or Hooper
11 Cygnus Bewickii,Yarr. Bewick's Swan
12 Anas tadorna,Linn. Common Shieldrake
13 Tadorna rutila,Steph. Ruddy Shieldrake
14 Mareca Penelope,Selby. European Widgeon
15 Rhynchaspis clypeata,Steph. Shoveller Duck
16 Anas Boschas,Linn. Common Wild Duck
17 Querquedula Crecca,Steph. Common Teal
18 Querquedula glocitans, Vigors. Bimaculated Teal
19 Querquedula circia,Steph. Gargany Teal
20 Dafila caudacuta,Leach. Pintail Duck
21 Chauliodes strepera,Swains. Gadwall
22 Fuligula ferina,Steph. Red-Headed Pochard
23 Fuligula leucophthalmos, Steph. White-Eyed or Castaneous Duck
24 Fuligula rufina,Steph. Red-Crested Duck
25 Fuligula cristata,Steph. Tufted Duck
26 Fuligula marila,Steph. Scaup Pochard
27 Fuligula Dispar,Steph. Western Duck
28 Fuligula marmorata,Temm. Marbled Duck
29 Somateria mollissima,Leach. Eider Duck
30 Somateria spectabilis,Leach. King Duck
31 Oidemia perspicillata,Flem. Surf Scoter
32 Oidemia fusca,Flem. Velvet Scoter
33 Oidemia nigra,Flem. Black Scoter
34 Clangula vulgaris,Leach. Golden Eye
35 Clangula Barrovii,Swains. and Rich. Barrow's Duck
36 Clangula histrionica,Leach. Harlequin Duck
37 Harelda glacialis,Leach. Long-Tailed Duck
38 Undina leucocephala,Mihi. White-Headed Duck
39 Mergus Merganser,Linn. Goosander
40 Mergus serrator Red-Breasted Merganser
41 Mergus cucullatus,Linn. Hooded Merganser
42 Mergus albellus,Linn. Smew
43 Podiceps cristatus,Lath. Great Crested Grebe
44 Podiceps rubricollis,Lath. Red-Necked Grebe
45 Podiceps cornutus,Lath. Horned Grebe
46 Podiceps auritus,Lath. Eared Grebe
47 Podiceps minor,Linn. Little Grebe, or Dabchick
48 Colymbus glacialis,Linn. Northern Diver
49 Colymbus arcticus,Linn. Black-Throated Diver
50 Colymbus septentrionalis, Linn. Red-Throated Diver
51 Uria Troile,Linn. Foolish Guillemot
52 Uria lacrymans,Lapyl. Bridled Guillemot
53 Uria Brunnichii,Sabine. Brunnich's Guillemot
54 Uria Grylle,Lath. Black Guillemot
55 Alca impennis,Linn. Great Auk
56 Alca torda,Linn. Razor-Billed Auk
57 Alca alle,Linn. Little Auk
58 Mormon Fratercula,Temm. Puffin
59 Mormon glacialis,Leach. Northern Puffin
60 Pelecanus Onocrotalus,Linn. Pelican
61 Pelecanus crispus,Feld. Dalmatian Pelican
62 Phalacrocorax Carbo,Steph. Common Cormorant
63 Phalacrocorax Graculus, Briss. Black Cormorant
64 Carbo pygmæus,Temm. Little Cormorant
65 Phalacrocorax cristatus, Steph. and Flem. Shag or Green Cormorant
66 Phalacrocorax Desmarestii Desmarest's Cormorant
67 Sula Bassana,Briss. Northern Gannet
68 Sula melanura,Temm. Black-Tailed Gannet
69 Sterna Caspia,Pall. Caspian Tern
70 Sterna cantiaca,Gmel. Sandwich Tern
71 Sterna Anglica,Mont. Gull-Billed Tern
72 Sterna Hirundo,Limm. Common Tern
73 Sterna Dougalli,Mont. Roseate Tern
74 Sterna Arctica,Temm. Arctic Tern
75 Sterna minuta,Linn. Little Tern
76 Sterna stolida,Linn. Noddy Tern
77 Viralva nigra,Leach. Black Tern
78 Viralva leucoptera,Leach. White-Winged Tern
79 Viralva leucopareïa,Steph. Moustache Tern
80 Xema ridibundus,Boje. Laughing Gull
81 Xema atricilla, Black-Winged Gull
82 Xema melanocephala,Boje. Black-Headed Gull
83 Xema minutus,Boje. Little Gull
84 Xema Sabini,Leach. Sabine's Gull
85 Larus marins,Linn. Great Black-Backed Gull
86 Larus fuscus,Linn. Lesser Black-Backed Gull
87 Larus glaucus,Brunn. Glaucous Gull
88 Larus Islandicus,Edmonston. Iceland Gull
89 Larus argetatus,Brunn. Herring Gull
90 Larus Rissa,Llinn. Kittiwake Gull
91 Larus eburneus,Linn. Ivory Gull
92 Larus canus,Linn. Common Gull
93 Larus Audouinii,Temm. Audouin's Gull
94 Lestris catarractes,Temm. Skua Gull
95 Lestris pomarinus,Temm. Pomarine Gull
96 Lestris Richardsonii,Swains. Richardson's Jager
97 Lestris parasiticus,Ill. Parasitic Gull
98 Puffinus Anglorum,Ray. Manks Shearwater
99 Puffinus obscurus Dusky Shearwater
100 Puffinus cinereus,Steph. Cinereous Shearwater
101 Procellaria glacialis,Linn. Fulmar Petrel
102 Thalassidroma Leachii Fork-Tailed Storm Petrel
102 Thalassidroma pelagica, Selby. Common Storm Petrel
103 Thalassidroma? Bulwerii Bulwer's Petrel

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